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Duties of an Executor; Pierce Legal logo appears in lower left corner

What are the Duties of an Executor?

When someone chooses you to be the executor of their estate, they feel that you can handle their assets and affairs after their death in a trustworthy matter. Even though the decedent nominated you to be their executor, you will still need to be appointed to that role by their local probate court. The role of executor is an honorable role that comes with many responsibilities. Below is an overview of what the role entails.

Get a Death Certificate

The first thing you will want to do is get original copies of death certificates. You will need a death certificate to file a probate case with the Probate Court, open and close financial accounts, file the decedent’s final tax return, and more. The number of originals you will need varies depending on the complexity of the estate. Some places will accept copies, and others will require the originals. The funeral home should be able to provide the death certificates.

Find the Will

You will need to find the decedent’s original will as well as any other estate planning documents. Read the documents so that you understand what you need to do. If you need help interpreting the documents, you should consult an attorney who is experienced in estate administration and probate. You will need to file the will with the local probate court and petition the court to appoint you as the executor of the estate.

Gather and Inventory Assets

After you have been appointed as the executor by the court, you will use the documents the court gives you to create an Employer Identification Number (EIN) for the estate. You will use this number to open a bank account, so the estate can receive funds and pay bills. Other actions you may need to take include:

  • Identify and locate beneficiaries and heirs of the decedent
  • Take possession of a safe deposit box and its contents
  • Locate and inventory any real estate deeds, mortgages, and leases
  • Appraise any real estate owned by the estate
  • End any recurring expenses, such as subscriptions, memberships, or services
  • Find and list all the decedent’s financial assets, including life insurance policies, retirement accounts, pensions, or social security benefits
  • Determine if the decedent was the beneficiary of any other deceased person’s estate
  • Collect debts owed to the estate
  • Evaluate the estate’s assets and liabilities and report this information to the beneficiaries and family members

This is just a partial list of what the role of executor entails. Each estate is different; therefore, each probate process is unique.

Pay Debts and File Taxes

As the executor, you will need to pay all the debts the estate owes. You may have to reject false claims against the estate and defend the estate in court, if necessary. You will also need to file a final tax return for the decedent and pay any taxes that  the decedent and the estate owe.

Distribute Assets

After the estate’s debts and taxes have been paid, you can distribute the remaining assets according to the instructions in the decedent’s will or statutory laws of the state (when the decedent had no will). The decedent may have made specific bequests in their will expressing that certain assets are to be given to certain family members, friends, or charities.

Close the Probate Case

Throughout the probate process, you should document everything you do in your role as executor. After you have fulfilled your obligations as executor, you will petition the probate court to close out the probate process.

How Pierce Legal Can Help with the Probate Process

Attorney Danielle PierceThe probate process can be long and tedious, but resources are available, such as The American Bar Association’s Guide to Wills and Estates, that you can use to help guide you. Pierce Legal is here to help guide you through the entire process. Contact us today to schedule a consultation at (330) 588-6115.


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What It Means to Be a Fiduciary
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